The objectives of this research were (1) to design and implement a skateboard for arm movement rehabilitation, (2) to apply a skateboard in stroke patients who need constant restoration of arm movements, (3) to produce cost-effective rehabilitation tools, (4) to provide guidelines for the development of medical applications with a skateboard for arm movement rehabilitation which can work in all four modes in the direction of the arm movements. The first mode consisted of the movement in the left-right direction, the second mode was the movement in the forward-backward direction, the third mode moved in the circular direction, and the fourth mode moved in number 8-shapaed direction (clockwise and counterclockwise).The developed skateboard could adjust the speed of the movement of three levels including LOW, MEDIUM and HIGH to meet the patients’ needs. The number of physical therapy sessions can also be set as needed. There was also an LCD display for ease of use. It could be concluded that skateboard could properly rehabilitate arm movement at the desired direction and speed. The skateboard could be able to meet the basic needs of the weak arm exercise. Moreover, there was also a display making it easy for users to quickly access information, reducing the duration of patient treatment. It also could excellently reduce the workload of physical therapists.
Słowa kluczowe: Stroke, Microcontroller, Arm Movement, Rehabilitation.
W artykule przedstawiono wykorzystanie deskorolki do rehabilitacji pacjentów z niedowładem ręki po wylewie. Odpowiedni układ steruje ruchem kół napędzanych silnikiem prądu stałego. Możliwy jest ruch w dowolnym kierunku i z dowolną prędkością.
Keywords: wylew, deskorolka, rehabilitacja.
There are currently many stroke patients in Thailand and the number tends to increase every year. It is also ranked as the 4th leading cause of death after cancer, accidents and heart disease, respectively . Therefore, it can be deemed that stroke is a problem with top priority. Most of stroke survivors often end up with disability and impaired mobility, sensory perception and learning . From the study conducted by Tipchatyotin et al , it was found that 98 % of patients with stroke would have arm weakness and 73.5% would still have arm weakness after treatment, this results in the patient often using good arm in daily routines and activities resulting in the weak side to not be used causing muscle atrophy and ends up with greater disabilities . Arm of stroke patients with hemiparesis is likely to recover less than the leg [5-6]. The rehabilitation would be the fastest during the first 3-6 months after the stroke. Therefore, treatment and rehabilitation of stroke patients should focus on the restoration of the arm and hand by repeatedly stimulating arousal and practice the functional movement rehabilitation is helping patients who survived to be able to help themselves to have the least disability or to help patient to be able to live and have better quality of life even with disability . Medical rehabilitation equipment is considered an expensive imported product . The cost of production is expensive and complicated to use both in the aspects of the system and program used in practice . From the problem, the researchers have an idea to design and implement a skateboard to restore the arm movement, which controls the movement of the arm in the set and different directions by using microcontroller and the arm movement speed can be adjusted to improve the patient ability. It can be continuously used, stimulus response and continuous arm rehabilitation. The production cost is also low and it is easy t [...]
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